Teaching and Learning including universal approaches (universal actions targeted at class and school level)

On this page:

Bullying prevention 

For maximum impact, bullying prevention classroom teaching and learning should be integrated into a whole-school bullying prevention approach. Bullying prevention teaching and learning sits within the following New Zealand Curriculum key competencies:

  • managing self – this competency is associated with self-motivation, a can-do attitude, and students seeing themselves as capable learners
  • relating to others – this competency is about interacting effectively with a diverse range of people in a variety of contexts
  • participating and contributing – this competency is about being actively involved in communities. Communities include family, whānau, school and groups based, for example, on a common interest or culture.

Bullying prevention teaching and learning should also align with the Health and Physical Education (HPE) learning area of the curriculum. The following strands within the HPE area of the curriculum relate to bullying prevention teaching and learning:

  • students are encouraged to demonstrate empathy and develop skills that enhance relationships (see the Relationships with Other People strand)
  • students also learn to take responsible and critical action to contribute to healthy communities and environments (see the Healthy Communities and Environments strand).

The underlying principles of tolerance and respect for others can also be woven into all other curriculum strands.

Classroom teaching and learning resources

There are a range of classroom bullying prevention teaching and learning resources available. Choose resources that best suit your students' learning needs. Here are some of the resources available. 


Further information

Bullying-Free NZ classroom activities

Bullying-Free NZ Classroom activities and school events help to raise awareness of how to prevent and deal with bullying. Use these ideas or create your own to get students talking and learning about bullying prevention.

Best Evidence Synthesis (BES): Spotlight on Counter-bullying Pedagogies

The BES provides a range of resources designed to help counter bullying in educational practice. 

These include:

  • BES Exemplar 1: Developing communities of mathematical inquiry
  • BES Exemplar 4: Reciprocal teaching
  • Responsiveness to diversity

These BES resources are all available on the Education Counts website(external link).

Curriculum in Action: Health Education programmes -  Ministry of Education

Kia Kaha - The NZ Police bullying prevention classroom teaching and learning programme(external link)

Kia Kaha(external link) - The NZ Police bullying prevention classroom teaching and learning programme consists of:

  • An Implementation Guide – designed to support the implementation of the primary and secondary school Kia Kaha programmes. The Guide promotes a Whole-School approach and includes:
    • A resolution process known as the Shared Problem Solving
    • Data survey tools – pre and post
  • Resources to support classroom teaching implementation
  • Five teaching and learning programmes for:
    • Years 1-3
    • Years 4-6
    • Years 7-8
    • Years 9-10
    • Years 11-13

Healthy Relationships: Kidspower

Healthy Relationships: Kidpower(external link) - Healthy Relationships is a programme for teens and adults with intellectual disabilities. It provides practical tools to build resiliency and to prevent bullying and abuse.

Inclusive Education: Deterring and Responding to Bullying Behaviour - Ministry of Education

Maximising Teaching and Learning Opportunities(external link) - A range of teaching and learning ideas and resources.


The NetSafe Kit for Schools 2018(external link) - Helps schools to create and maintain a safe online environment and support digital citizenship.

Relationship Education

Relationship Education: A Guide for Schools, Ministry of Education, 2015(external link) - This guide provides introductory information for schools about relationship education programmes.


Tātaiako: Cultural Competencies for Teachers of Māori Learners(external link) 

Supporting LGBTQIA+

Supporting LGBTQIA+ Young People in New Zealand, Ministry of Youth Development(external link)


PB4L Encourage Positive Behaviours(external link) 

The New Zealand Curriculum and Te Maurautanga o Aotearoa

The National Curriculum is composed of The New Zealand Curriculum(external link) and Te Marautanga o Aotearoa(external link) which set the direction for student learning and provide guidance for schools as they design and review their curriculum.